Power Controller – Phase Angle Firing

    In this method, thyristor is triggered in every cycle. Basically we are delaying the scr gating until some time after the voltage crosses the zero, by varying this delay (measured in electrical degrees) in turn we are controlling the conduction i.e. the on time, and as such the power output to the load is controlled.

    There are certain applications which requires continuous proportional power. Even certain heating elements requires only phase angle type power controller, namely silicon carbide, super kenthal, infrared heaters and transformer coupled heaters.

    In certain closed loop applications the phase angle power controller gives more flexibility and it accepts various feed back signals. With phase angle power controller, the application engineer gets the options of current limiting feature, voltage limiting feature, constant current mode, power feed back, constant kw output and even true rms power controlling.

    The power control should be selected considering the line voltage variation and change in the resistance of element with respect to temperature. Another important thing is that, supply cable must be rated at rms current drawn by the element (i.e. current = power / thyristor output voltage and not power / supply voltage).

    Following is the few basic configurations, which we generally use for our various industrial applications as shown in figure.

  • 1 or 2 Phase, 2 Wire Connection
  • 3 Phase, 3 Wire Star Connection
  • 3 Phase, 4 Wire STAR Connection
  • 3 Phase, 3 Wire Closed Delta Connection
  • 3 Phase, 6 Wire Open Delta Connection